Transition Your Horse from Shoes to Barefoot
Article from scootboot.com
So, you're thinking about making the decision to transition your horse from shoes to barefoot? This decision doesn't have to
be a difficult one. But, it can be a tough decision for many so let's explore a bit about why you want to have your horse barefoot and what the process might entail!
Let's take a look to see how you can best aid the transition.
First, your horse may need protective boots for the soles. But only for a limited time. Others may be able to have the shoes
pulled with no issues whatsoever.
It all depends.
Photo from Pinterest.
It depends on how your farrier has been trimming the hooves all along. Does he/she knife out the sole until it gives to 'thumb
pressure' (as many are taught)? If so, then your horse's soles will be too thin to be without protective boots for a while. But, if
the farrier only trimmed the walls flat and took down the heels without knifing or rasping the sole, then the soles won't be as sensitive as they will have some conditioning to them already.
Does your farrier leave adequate heel height? If so, then that is a definitive plus but, if like many the heels are rasped down to
the base of the collateral groove, that will present a soundness issue when the shoes are pulled.
Does your horse have pads along with the shoes? Then again the soles might be tender enough to require boots at first for
protection against stones and such. But if not, you may simply be all ready 'good-to-go'.
Photo from PENZANCE Equine Integrative Solutions, Gwenyth Santagate
Now please keep in mind that any horse with laminitis, founder, navicular or any other hoof disease that "required" shoes will
most definitely need boots, or need to be kept on soft ground for awhile. This is not a decision to be made lightly in these
situations. So be sure you've considered your options. Have you talked with your veterinarian and hoof care provider about
this? Do you understand all the possible ramifications of pulling the shoes when the hooves are in a diseased state? Is your
horse in such a physical state that he or she is able to withstand such a major change at this time? Given the individual state of
your horse's hooves AND its overall physical health, transitioning to barefoot hooves from hooves with shoes can be very simple or it can require more attention overall.
Remember, the hooves are the PRIMARY survival tools of the horse! If they cannot get away from a predator, then they
become dinner for the predator. So they have to be able to move - fast, and when the situation calls for a quick get-away.
The actual practice of pulling the shoes from the hooves does not automatically cause soreness or discomfort. In fact, doing
so will improve the circulation of the blood supply in the foot, increase the sensitivity of the proprioceptors (the nerves that tell
the horse where his hooves are on the ground), as well as enable an increase of nutrients and oxygen to the hooves for new
growth via the improved circulation. The hooves will be able to expand more in the heel region as they are intended to do,
which will cause the hooves to grow - sometimes up to 2 shoe sizes larger. This gives a stronger and sturdier "platform" for
the hooves and the horse (think of walking on stiletto heeled shoes vs. platform or flat-heeled shoes). This increased
sturdiness will improve the horse’s way-of-going within the realm of extended strides, tracking up straight, with more
confidence and better performance all the way round. Dr. James R. Rooney found and stated in his book, "The Lame Horse",
"if you draw a chalk line around the foot of a shod horse standing on hard ground, then do the same thing 15 minutes after the
shoe has been pulled, you will find that the foot has expanded beyond the original line. The shoe restricts the normal expansion of the hoof."
A study by Robert M. Bowker, VMD, PhD, Professor at the College of Veterinary Medicine at Michigan State University, and Lori A. Bidwell, DVM, of the Rood and Riddle Equine Clinic in Lexington, Ky, showed :
"Three weeks after shoe removal, the front feet of these show horses showed definite signs of changing conformation. Their
feet tended to widen with a more “shallow cupping” of the soles. The central sulci became shallower or more open, rather
than having deep crevices at the heel area, and calluses began to form on the soles at the toe, indicating greater wear and
weight bearing at that site. There was a reduction in the distance between the apex of the frog and the toe at the dorsal hoof
wall, as the break-over distance was shortened naturally in these horses by the way in which they moved over the terrain.
At six to nine weeks after shoe removal with normal wear and no trimming, the entire frog area became larger, and the width
of the feet increased as well. The heels of the frogs (back part of the frogs) usually began to make contact with the ground at
that time, which resulted in a gradual enlargement of the frog and parts of the sole surface. This increased weight-bearing
surface of the foot distributes the weight of the horse over a greater area, which reduces the load or stress on the entire weight-bearing area.
During the same time frame, with normal wear and no trimming, the imprints of the feet on imprint boards and plaster of Paris
mouldings clearly showed that the bars and frog had begun supporting the horse’s weight."
This study was done on 125 barefoot horses, mostly quarter horses, thoroughbreds and Arabians that had never been shod
before, along with 10 shod show horses that were ridden regularly. The shoes were pulled from the 10 horses and they were
allowed to be barefoot for the fall, winter and spring. Plaster castings were made of the hooves. At the end of the spring, the
formerly shod horses’ hooves were more closely related to the healthy, barefooted ones in both form and functioning. Their hooves became healthier overall.
These studies show the same findings as Gene Ovnicek, Registered Journeyman Farrier (RJF), and those which others have
found on wild mustang feet. We know that the mustangs travel up to 20 or 30 miles a day on rugged, varied ground. Wouldn't we all love if our domestics could do that same!
Keep in mind that transitioning your horse from shoes to barefoot can take up to a full year. The full growth cycle of a new
hoof from the coronary to the ground takes from 8 - 12 months and depending on the individual horse, hooves, environment,
genetics and care, the sound transitioning time will vary. The horses mentioned in the above study transitioned over a period of about 9 months.
Read some quotes from these professional equestrians who have transitioned their horses from shoes to barefoot health:
"I have so far had no reason to put shoes back on my horses. All of the horses have trained better, are more fit, balanced,
and sound, than ever before." -- Shannon Peters, US Dressage Competitor and Trainer
"Consult professionals. Across the country, more trail riders are successfully enjoying their barefoot horses over tough terrain.
What's their secret? They have a team of knowledgeable professionals helping them through the process. And, as we learn
more about managing this transition, the process should become simpler." --Lisa Simons Lancaster, PhD, DVM
"Some horses turned out in rough terrain will need different hoof care than the ones turned out in a small pasture or kept in a
stall. It also depends on which part of the country they’re in. Horses turned out in dry areas with their hooves trimmed
properly don’t need the extra attention. Being turned out and active, the circulation in the hoof is better. The key thing is to
educate the horse owner, then let nature and the farrier do the work." -- Javier Soto, Farrier
Kelsy Smith and Huxley Heights show jumping barefoot. Photo courtesy of Chesna Klimek, "Eventing Barefoot: Is It Possible?", Chesna Klimek, May 21, 2014
“Every horse is an individual,” she says, “for Hux I think barefoot offers more advantages [than shoes]: easier on his joints,
better circulation in the hoof/leg, good traction, etc. Also, I never have to worry about if my horse pulls a shoe on course or what type of stud to use.” -- Kelsy Smith, Eventer
Whiskey has won close to $80,000 barefoot. You know, I don’t think that every horse should be barefoot, but in some
situations, and especially cutting, it can be done and I think my horse has an advantage being barefoot in a lot of pens. He’s
learned how to deal with it and I think that in the next ten years we will see more disciplines, not only cutting, going barefoot;" -- Wylie Gustafson
" A sound barefoot horse not only can feel the ground; she also has better traction." --Stephanie Krahl, Team Penning, Barrel Racing, Sorting
"Do draft horses need shoes? “It depends,” ...
"Traditionally, draft horses naturally have strong hooves and don’t need shoes. However, years of selective breeding focused
on cosmetics rather than conformation and utility has increased the number of draft horses that require shoes year-round to
keep the horses sound. Chances are if you buy a horse with good solid feet, you’ll never have to shoe a horse." -- Doug
Butler, founder of Butler Professional Farrier School in Crawford, Nebraska.
So, where to start?
Well, start with having your horse's shoes pulled. Have your farrier pull the shoes and LIGHTLY rasp any ragged edges from
around the hoof walls. The hooves may need to be properly balanced and can be done with minimal invasion to the hoof
simply by gently lowering the higher side of the hoof-wall or heel to the lower side and that's it. That's all that needs to be done the first trim.
Turn the horse out in boots, if needed, but, ideally, turning the horse out in totally barefoot hooves is the best thing one can do
to get the hooves conditioned to the ground. Keep in mind, if the regular turnout is softer then the hooves will not be able to
be conditioned in the same manner as if the ground is tough and packed hard. If you have soft pasture then walking your
horse in hand for 10 minutes a day on a clean, tarred road will condition those hooves better than anything imaginable.
If your horse is comfortable then ... RIDE! Go riding. Use boots if needed to mitigate any discomfort on rocks, gravel or
hard ground. Your horse will determine what he or she needs. Listen.
The more your horse moves around on different ground surfaces the faster the hooves will acclimate to being without shoes.
That's it for the first trim! After that, subsequent trims will be determined according to how the hooves have strengthened, worn and grown, their balance and their overall health.
Scoot Boot | Hoof Boots for Horses
So, you’re in the market for some hoof boots for your horse? Well look no further than the Scoot Boot!
The Scoot Boot was created by Dave MacDonald, a former farrier and horse trainer, who has spent over 30 years working with horses. After realising that the
majority of horses could comfortably go barefoot and be aided with boots, in 1998 Dave created the world’s first practical, multi-purpose hoof boot, the ‘Old Mac’. Since
then, many new hoof boot designs have entered the market to cater for the rapidly growing industry of barefoot trimming and booting. The latest innovation in
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Sizing for Scoot Boots is easy! Scoot Boot offers a free
sizing service as they size correctly approximately 95 percent of the time – this accuracy reduces when customers size themselves. Simply view the Sizing Guidelines and send your hoof pictures to firstname.lastname@example.org. If the size doesn’t fit correctly, they will pay the cost to exchange.
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